Launched in 2006, the Global Initiative for West, Central and Southern Africa (GI WACAF Project) is a cooperation between the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and IPIECA, the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues. It aims to assist 22 African countries in strengthening their capacity to prepare for and respond to marine oil spills. To achieve its objectives, the Project implements capacity building activities in collaboration with relevant national authorities and in partnership with local business units. These activities address challenges that arise during oil spill incidents with a specific focus on contingency planning. The Project addresses common concerns and goals of both public and private entities in responding to an incident. GI WACAF continues to improve by drawing from its experiences and lessons learned, many of which may be applicable to other regions of the world, including the African Great Lakes. Regardless of the level of activity and geographical remit, the adoption of good practices by all stakeholders is paramount to face oil exploration, production and transport risks.