The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) initiated the development of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) at its 7th Conference of the Parties (COP 7) in Marrakech, Morocco. The NAPA provide a quick process for identifying priority activities that respond to an urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.
The Ugandan NAPA was launched in 2007. Important areas for intervention were identified In a participatory, community-based approach covering the different ecological regions of the country. Based on these intervention, areas nine generic, non-area specific project profiles were developed:
- Community Tree Growing Project
- Land Degradation Project
- Strengthening Meteorological Services
- Community Water and Sanitation Project
- Water for Production Project Drought Adaptation Project
- Vectors, Pests and Disease Control Project
- Indigenous Knowledge and Natural Resources Management Project
- Climate Change and Development Planning Project
The NAPA implementation strategy for Uganda focuses on the enhancement of resilience and therefore adopts an integrated/programmatic approach to implementation of the above interventions. Implementation strategies of the NAPA rely on community and ecosystem adaptation in the most vulnerable communities of Uganda. Full implementation will lead to communities resilient to the impacts of climate change.